How to use Paraphrasing in Academic Writing Task 1

Paraphrasing, when you use different words to say the same thing, is a key skill for improving your score on Academic Writing Task 1. This skill is important as it shows the examiner that you can use a range of words and phrases.

Look at this example of the heading for an Academic Writing Task 1:

The line graph below shows changes in the amount and type of soft drinks consumed by American teenagers between 1990 and 2010.

We can paraphrase this by changing some of the vocabulary as in this example:

The line graph compares the consumption of soft drinks by young people in the United States over a period of twenty years starting in 1990.

The verb ‘shows changes’ is changed to ‘compares’

The verb ‘to consume’ is changed to the noun ‘consumption’

‘American teenagers’ is changed to ‘young people in the United States’

‘Between 1990 – 2010’ is changed to ‘over a period of twenty years starting in 1990.’

Here are some more examples of how to paraphrase a heading about one graph or chart and some useful vocabulary:

Two charts – same topic

The pie charts below show employment by sectors in Germany and Poland in 2014.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.

Introductory sentence: Paraphrase the information in the heading

  1. The given charts compare different areas of employment in Germany and Poland in 2014.
  2. The two charts provide information on the different fields where people were employed in Germany and Poland in 2014.

Here are some more examples of how to paraphrase a heading about two graphs or charts (on the same topic) along with some useful vocabulary:

Two charts – no direct link between graphs/charts

The graphs below show how people travelled to work and car ownership in a European country between 1950 and 2000.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.

                        How people travelled to work


Paraphrase:

1. There are two charts which give information on how people reached their workplaces and changes in the number of vehicle owners in a European country in the period 1950 to 2000.

2. There is a line graph which illustrates how employees got to their places of work and a bar chart which describes the changing pattern of car purchasing over a 50-year-period starting in 1950.

 

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